Was the 8th Route Army Underfed: the Base Area Peasantry Overtaxed? Some Numbers…

Page 5

Total harvest (millet, volume):
(1940) 97,354*100 liters (tx in kind) = 6.38% total harvest, so = 9.74 million liters/.0638 = 153 million liters = 119 million kg
(1941) 201,617*100 liters (tx in kind) = 13.85% total harvest, so 20.2 million liters/.1385 = 146 million liters = 114 million kg

Total harvest nutrition value @3,780 cal/kg (current USDA for dry millet, uncooked)
(1940) 452 billion calories
(1941) 431 billion calories

Appropriated millet nutrition
(1940) = .0638*452 billion calories 30.3 billion
(1941) = .1385*431 billion calories 59.0 billion

Ibid., per capita per day for 100,000 (soldiers and cadre)
(1940) = 830 cal
(1941) = 1,620 cal

Residual nutrition (for producers and family)
(1940)
452 billion- 30.3 billion = 420 billion calories
(1941)
431 billion- 59 billion = 372 billion calories

Ibid., per hh per day
(1940) 420 billion/1.4 million = 821 cal/day
(1941) 372 billion/1.4 million = 727 cal/day

If these estimates are anywhere near correct, 1941’s surge in collection pushed too far and too hard, alienating the peasant producers who were obliged to pay it.

That would seem to explain why collections in kind started to drop off in 1942 and continued to do so till war’s end, by which time the Special Area was dismantled.

According to SA government records, total assessments in grain (millet) moved as follows:
(in shi/piculs and (converted) thousands of liters and kg)

SGN millet tax collected

source: 边区财政厅:《财政工作报告》, seriatim

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