Was the 8th Route Army Underfed: the Base Area Peasantry Overtaxed? Some Numbers…

Page 4

So: Who got to eat how much millet, and what per capita nutrition is implied?

Let’s start with the raw data.

http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%99%95%E7%94%98%E5%AE%81%E8%BE%B9%E5%8C%BA#.E5.86.9C.E4.B8.9A
Total (est) SA population (1937) = 15 million
Area: 130,000 km^2

According to Chen Yungfa’s (un-titled) report(s) on the Central Area’ fiscal circumstances:
1937年后,边区农民的财政负担主要是救国公粮。1940年,征收9.7354万石,人均负担7升多,占年收获量的6.38%。而短短一年过去的1941年,征收20.1617万石,人均负担14.8升,占年收获量的13.85%。

“From 1937 onward, the greater part of the tax burden endured by the peasants in the Special Area was the “public food supply for National Salvation” tax fund. In 1940, it levied 97,354 piculs (石 shi) [in millet], with the per household average of just over 7 升 sheng, which was 6.38% of the total harvest.
But within only a year, the total collected skyrocketed to 201,617 piculs, meaning an average burden of 14.8 sheng per household. or 13.85% of the total harvest.”

Volume units are the curse of the historian, because (whatever is stipulated) they cannot be assumed to be uniform. Still, there were
metric volume equivalents mean to be universal from 1930 on:

2.大陸
大陸的一斤(聽說又稱為1市斤)=10兩=500g
1兩=50g or 30
但有有一說法是1斤(1市斤)=16兩=500g
1兩=31.25g
請問大陸這2種斤兩說法哪個正確??
都正確的話這2者使用上有何差異??

由於小弟位近買了大陸的印泥
上面1兩都是標示30g
是取1斤(1市斤)=16兩=500g的算法來取整數的嗎??

1 dou = 10 sheng
1 shi = 120 jin = 10 dou= 100 sheng = 100 liters
1 sheng = 1 liter

*******************
What was the merchandise (cloth) parity if all the SA opium was exported for market-purchase of cloth

How much raw or semi-refined (“milk”) could have been produced/exported under 1941-2 guidelines?
Standard allocation was 20% of land in opium, 80 in food/staple crops.
or 1 mu for (5-mu) houehold in poppies (April-Aug.)
15.2 liang per (gross) mu = 0.8 kg per hh
or 1.5 million*.8 = 1.3 million kg
Avail to caizhengbu as 25% = 325,000 kg from large-lot purchases
1.5 kg raw buys 5-6 bolts (pi) of cotton cloth
cotton cloth: 1.5 kg buys 5-6 pi non-local cotton cloth
1,191,667 bolts (pi) of simple highgrade cotton cloth
or about 12 bolts per public sector payrollee

What was the food/diet parity import value if … ibid.
延安时期,粮食供给“标准每人每天吃粮一斤四两,只军队多些,每人每天一斤八两。”(《财经史料》第六册,第453-454页)以此标准计算,只需约1000斤特货即可解决一支一万人的军队的一年的口粮问题。 1.25 jin (625 gr) or 1.5 jin 750 gr
10,000 man (division) can subsist on 10,000 * 365* .75 kg = 2.74 million kg of millet
= 500g * 1000 gr of opium = 500 kg of opium

1000 jin @.5 kg 500 kg can support 10,000 soldiers/year
then 1.3 million kg of unprocessed can subsidize 2.6 million rations

Total (taxable) opium: 1.5 million h/h grow 1 mu each of poppy > taxable pre-refined opium 15 liang/mu = 750 gr/mu = 750*5.5 kg millet/mu = 4125 kg/mu millet

eq
1000*.5 KG opium = 500 KG unrefined
at 170 fabi/g (raw) = 170,000 fabi/kg
tot = 170,000*500 fabi = 85 million fabi/yuan

30 oz raw = 1500 gr buys 5-6 pi of cotton cloth

or 1.5 million*.75 kg p/m = 1.125 million kg total (tax-cleared) unrefined (?) opium.
At 1948/4 price, 258,000 fabi/for gross 30 liang or net 16 liang =

1943年,陕甘宁贩卖的鸦片,60%左右来自晋绥边区。1944年,几乎全部来自晋绥边区和日本占领区

1 gr opoim = 5480 gr millet
2350-2850 cal/day civ/soldiers

1948/4
大烟已收下,毛重29.6两,皮重13.8两,净重15.8两,6个烟,共25万8000元,买布世齐布6匹,地球布5匹,又零尺7.8尺
1 bolt = 43000 yuan =
6 bolts = 30 liang unproc = 16 liang net
1 bolt = 16/6= 2.5-3 liang = 100-150 gr = .1 – .15 kg
1.125 million kg buys 7-10 million bolts

1 kg = 3780 cal
ration = 3/4 kg = 2,835 for soldiers
=2362 cal for no-soldier cadre

1 mou= 806.65 square yards (0.165 acre, or 666.5 square metres).

Vlad (63) says 2 million acres of arable in the SA = 12.12 million mou
14 million poods of cereals and legumes
pop 1.45 million (hh? taxed)
millet = 110-260 kg/mu
500 mill kg
1 pood = 35.7 kg
taxed harvest 115 million kg
at 100 kg/mou high
=12.12*100 = 1200 mill kg
so only 10% of arable is under taxable cult

*********

Using these parameters and USDA nutrition values for dry millet grain (milled):

USDA figures estimate/standardize the density and nutritional yield of dry millet at
For millet, the volume/weight conversion is .78 KG/liter dry measure
200 gr dry millet = 756 calories
thus 1 KG = 3780 cal

Number of paying h/h then is total tax paid/av. paid per hh =
(1940) 97,354*100 liters/7 liters = 1.4 million
(1941) 201,617*100 liters/14.8 liters = 20.1 million/14.8 = 1.4 million

Total taxed (under-cultivation) land (mu) at 5 mu/hh= 7 million mu
Total surface area of SA: 130,000 km^2 = 130,000,000,000 m^2 = 195 million mu
Millet plantation as % total surface land: 7/195 = 3.6%.
(But it would have been higher because by no means was all cultivated land taxed)

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